In the aftermath of the Civil War, Congress adopted a trio of Constitutional amendments gr...

A quick history lesson – Wiscasset Newspaper

In the aftermath of the Civil War, Congress adopted a trio of Constitutional amendments granting full citizenship to four million former slaves.The 13th banned slavery. The 14th granted them equal protection under the law. The 15th gave the former slaves the right to vote.For the amendments to become part of the Constitution, three quarters of the states had to ratify them, and the Northern states did so. But, to reach that mark, they needed the approval of some Southern states. The leaders complied and soon enacted the Jim Crow laws to restrict the votes of former slaves and their relatives. …

 

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